Chamba best in health, education, living standards

Ambika Sharma

Tribune News Service

Solan, November 28

Himachal Pradesh has bagged the 23rd position in the National Multidimensional Index of India (MPI) report issued by the Niti Aayog, with 7.62 per cent of its population being multi-dimensionally poor.

Based on the National Family Health Survey-5, the survey has taken into account health, education and standard of living of households. The neighbouring state of Haryana lies on the 21st position while Punjab lies on the 24th position. Uttrakhand stood at the 15th position.

Chamba tops the state with 11.27 per cent MPI, while Sirmaur and Solan district were at the second and third position with MPI of 10.88 and 9.24 per cent, respectively.

Smaller district of Kullu was at the fourth position with 8.97 per cent MPI while Mandi is ahead of tribal districts Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur, registering MPI of 8.3 per cent as against 7.7 per cent registered by Lahaul-Spiti, which occupies the sixth position among districts. Presence of industrial clusters appears to have failed to alleviate poverty in Solan and Sirmaur. Bilaspur secured MPI of 7.54 per cent and occupied the seventh position while Shimla is marginally better at eight position with MPI of 7.5 per cent.

The state's biggest district of Kangra has MPI of 5.88 per cent where Una stood next with MPI of 5.12 per cent, followed by Kinnaur at 5.10 per cent and Hamirpur has the lowest MPI score of 4.60 per cent. The MPI was found to be more pronounced in rural areas.

On parameters of nutrition, there are 27.2 per cent households where a child between the age of 0 to 59 months or women between the ages of 0 to 49 years or men between the ages of 15 to 54 years have been found to be undernourished.

As many as 3.8 per cent households have a school-aged child not attending school. The school attendance is deficient from 0.9 to 1.1 per cent for varying school-going aged children. Standard of living takes into account cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water and electricity.

Courtesy: Tribune News Service
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